Donations – An Essential Guide, Part three

Donations could cause unintended pressure

Donations of Emergency Services gear to the Global South come from every kind of sources and contain a variety of brands of equipment. Donating entities gather whatever they will and bundle items into shipments that ideally fit the wants of the recipient. But the considerably haphazard donations process can end up creating added stress on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it’s hard sufficient maintaining a standardized inventory of equipment. But imagine now having a combination of equipment, each with slightly completely different traits and attributes – gear, instruments and automobiles with totally different manuals when you have them, completely different spare elements if you want them, specialist technical support if one way or the other you will get access to it domestically, and often directions that are not in the native language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I have seen donated gear arrive in recipient international locations that’s clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also common is damaged or incomplete tools; PPE that’s torn, nonetheless soiled with blood, or with out thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or inner shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the most typical of all, punctured fire hose.
Donations typically come with written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any warranty, assure and accountability for accident, injury or mechanical failure after supply. But authorized liability is hardly the largest concern of a recipient department looking to defend its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty situations ought to always be met by a donation to make sure it serves its intended objective.
Lastly, many donors anticipate the host country or recipient department to cowl some prices – transport, import duties and flights for volunteers providing coaching and attending the handover. And while there are good arguments for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the part of the recipient), these costs could be substantial for recipients who in many circumstances can’t afford fundamental, new assets. These prices put significant strain on the recipient departments and can end result in donations being caught in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for someone to pay taxes and costs to get the tools ‘released’ to be used.
Are we encouraging risk?

I have seen many kinds of tools that require common, specialist care and statutory management which have arrived within the palms of abroad personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible requirements expected in the country of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical safety suits, medical provides, radiation and gas-monitoring units, lines, lifejackets, vertical rescue tools, and so on. all cascade their method down to nations the place they are used and trusted by those with much less regulatory safety. Firefighters within the Global South are not any much less courageous than their counterparts in richer nations. The gear they use should nonetheless be protected.
It issues me – and I even have seen this in the subject – that some sorts of sophisticated donated equipment usually encourage firefighters to sort out emergencies that they haven’t any coaching or ability to deal with. In many circumstances, they expose themselves to far higher danger, as they have neither the experience nor the training opportunities that Global North responders have.
Responders in emerging markets don’t have the luxurious of calling the native energy or gas firm to isolate the provision to a property earlier than they enter. They may face saved domestic gasoline bottles, unauthorized electrical energy connections, illegal building requirements, and other hazards that make their operations particularly precarious. But armed with their newly donated tools, they often assume that they’re better protected to enter those dangers than earlier than, once they had nothing.
Ask your self when you would truthfully be okay with using donated gear that has failed certification or passed its usable date in your personal every day emergencies, not to mention under these circumstances?

Some donor agencies that ship their personnel to offer short-term, fundamental coaching concern their very own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance isn’t the same as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the foreign professional is actually qualified to show them about a particular piece of apparatus. Unless certifications are endorsed or acknowledged by a real requirements company within the host country and the instructors have current qualifications and authorized authority to issue them exterior their own country, the follow is questionable.
In many ways, skilled steerage is much more important than the donated tools itself. If we wish to stop donation-driven risk taking by Global South first responders, we have to not solely donate gear that is match for responsibility but also support our donations with qualified individuals on the ground, working hand in hand with the native personnel for an appropriate time period to appropriately guide and certify users in operations and upkeep.
Donations should drive finances

Finally, donations don’t routinely remedy the gear and training void in rising markets, and in some cases, they’ll truly exacerbate the issue. Global South firefighters asking for international assist are doing so because their local authorities both lack the mandatory funds or don’t see their needs as a precedence. But the truth is that in many nations’ governments, officials often have little understanding of the business. ไดอะแฟรม ซีล assume that donated used objects are a handy solution to a budget shortfall. A short-term fix maybe. But in the long run, the objective must be to inspire governments to address the true short- and long-term needs of their Emergency Services personnel and really put money into the event of high quality Emergency Services for his or her countries. A quick fix might take the pressure off quickly, but the essential dialogue about long-term financing between departments and their governments needs to be occurring sooner, not later.
In the tip, there is not a shortcutting high quality. Donations have to be high quality equipment, certified for use and ideally, the place possible, the identical or related brands as these getting used at present by recipients. Equipment needs to come with actual training from practitioners with present experience on the gear being acquired. Recipients must be trained so the model new tools can make them safer, not create further threat. And donations mustn’t end a dialog about finances – they need to be a part of a conversation about greater requirements and better service that depends on quite lots of new, recycled and donated equipment that actually serves the ever-expanding wants of the worldwide Emergency Services neighborhood.
Please maintain an eye fixed out for the fourth and last instalment of this article subsequent month, the place I will illustrate components to think about when making a donation, as well as suggestions to make sure successful donations you’ll have the ability to feel happy with.
Chris Gannon

Chris Gannon has spent 29 years within the industry as a national Fire Chief, authorities advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has constructed a reputation as a pioneer in reviewing and enhancing Emergency Services all over the world. For extra data, please visit or
GESA (Global Emergency Services Action)

GESA is a world non-profit based in 2020 by leader firms within the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of companies, consultants and practitioners working collectively to change the future of the global Emergency Services marketplace. We are currently developing our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based software that can join Global South departments with producers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of gross sales and service. For extra data, membership inquiries and more, please contact


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